Contract type Concession system
Contract period (years)
      Exploration 3 + 3 (with 3 years extendable)
      Production 20 (with 10 years extendable) starting immediately after the end of the exploration period.
Contract Area
     • Exploration Block As defined in the bid announcement. Each concessionaire can hold up to five exploration blocks with a total area of not exceeding 20,000 square kilometers. Area relinquishment is 50% at the end of year 4 and another 25% at the end of year 6.
     • Production Area
With commercial discovery, production area will be delineated and production can start right away even in the exploration period.
     • Reserved Area In the case the production area is declared, 12.5% of the original exploration area can be reserved for further exploration for another period of 5 years after the end of the exploration period.
Exploration Work Program After careful evaluation of geological data available the bidders will propose an exploration work program for each period. The work program can be revised to suit the information acquired from the work performed. Reduction of work commitment for extra area relinquished or waive of work commitment for area surrendered is allowed beyond the first three years.
Bonuses & State Participation Voluntary basis.
 
  Fiscal Terms
 
Royalty To be paid in a sliding scale rate corresponding with the revenue from petroleum sold or disposed of as follows:
Monthly Sale Volume (Barrel x 103)
Rate (%)
0 - 60
5.00
60 - 150
6.25
150 - 300
10.00
300 - 600
12.50
> 600
15.00
10 million BTU/Barrel is used as conversion factor for natural gas. Royalty on petroleum produced from deep water Andaman Sea area and some certain areas selected by the government will be only 70% of the above rate
Petroleum Income Tax 50% of net profit of the company and no ringfence for cost deduction. Royalty and SRB paid can be treated as tax deductible expenses.
Supplemental Tax Special Remuneratory Benefit (SRB) is designed for extra government's take from windfall profit which will only be used if:
all capital cost (plus special reduction) are recovered, and
annual revenue become drastically high compared with the investment (i.e. unusual high oil price)
Incentives Exemption of any other corporate taxes, duties and taxes on imported equipment and materials.
   
Markets Pricing
Petroleum produced can be sold for domestic consumption or overseas. At present, natural gas is for domestic use only due to ready market and sufficient infrastructure at fair price.
 
   
  Examples
 
 
   
  Factors for SRB Calculation
 

Geological constant (K)

150,000

meter

Special reduction (SR)

0

Text Box:

     %

Cumulative well depth

470,900

meter

 

MMbaht

% of revenue

Revenue

56,200

100.0

Cost

28,300

50.4

Gross Profit

27,900

49.6

Royalty

7,500

13.3

 

20,400

36.3

SRB

200

0.4

 

20,200

35.9

Income Tax

10,100

17.9

Company Profit

10,100

18.0

 

Company profit

Gross Profit

= 36.2%

 

 

 
   
           The Department of Mineral Resources has re-evaluated the geological data, exploration and production difficulty of exploration blocks in different areas including the investment climate and competition in the region and come up with more incentives for K and SR values for the blocks open for bidding in the last three and the present licensing rounds.
 
   

"The boundaries and names shown and the designations used in this website on CCOP EPF
do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by CCOP."

Copyright © Coordinating Committee for Geoscience Programmes in East and Southeast Asia (CCOP)
24th Floor, Suite 244-5, Thai CC Tower, 889 Sathorn Tai Road, Sathorn, Bangkok 10120, THAILAND
Tel: (662) 672-3080-1 Fax: (662) 673-3082 E-mail: ccopts@ccop.or.th
Last Update: 8 August 2002
CCOP